Category Archives: Medical & First Aid

Will the FDA Finally Crack Down on Homeopathy?

From Bloomberg Business | On April 20th, 2015 | By John Tozzi

“On a recent afternoon in midtown Manhattan, I popped into a chain drug store and picked up some $12 sleep tablets whose label promises both “courage and peace of mind” and “focus when ungrounded.” I also got a $17 tube of cream offering “rapid, soothing relief of pain” from conditions as varied as arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and bug bites. Both products sat on shelves alongside familiar drugs such as Tylenol and Claritin, which regulators have carefully scrutinized for safety and effectiveness. The half- dozen products I bought—labelled as “homeopathic”—aren’t vetted for either…”

Remember folks, if you control the peoples’ food and healthcare, you essentially control the people…

READ MORE

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About The Author: RSOP is the co-founder & Executive Editor of Radical Survivalism Webzine, as well as a Family Preparedness Consultant with nearly five years of personal experience in the self-reliance game. RSOP's many preparedness roles within his own group include team mechanic, head of security, electrician, and project designer/engineer.

MERS Virus the New Global Threat

From: usCrow.org | May 30th, 2013

usCrow contributors tend to focus on communism, war, and tyranny. However, we clearly outline several other threats the survival and prepper community should be prepared for. Viral Pandemic is listed in our Top 5 Reasons to be a Prepper, and with viruses like MERS it’s not hard to see why. Now, I rarely like citing the WHO (World Health Organization)…

READ MORE: http://uscrow.org/2013/05/30/mers-virus-the-new-global-threat/

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About The Author: RSOP is the co-founder & Executive Editor of Radical Survivalism Webzine, as well as a Family Preparedness Consultant with nearly five years of personal experience in the self-reliance game. RSOP's many preparedness roles within his own group include team mechanic, head of security, electrician, and project designer/engineer.

Making An Emergency Injectable Local Anesthetic

Guest Post: How To Make Injectable Lidocaine HCL

“Almost every other prepper / survivalist that I’ve met shares a similar “hope for the best, but prepare for the worst” philosophy about life. If this pretty much describes you too, than you’ve probably considered a SHTF situation where, with no access to doctors or dentists, you might be forced to perform some type of minor surgery at home. Draining an abscess or pulling a tooth maybe. These are common minor surgeries, but with no anesthesia (or only over-the-counter varieties) they might be very painful. You’ve probably also thought about how you might treat trauma, like lacerations, punctures, or burns – where suturing, debriding, or removing foreign objects from a wound might be necessary. Painful enough for an adult, but worse for a child to have to endure. And while no sane person really wants to think about the worst cases, like having to treat a gunshot, knife, or chainsaw injury to a loved one, you know that ignoring the possibility doesn’t make it any less likely to happen either…”

READ MORE:

http://modernsurvivalonline.com/guest-post-how-to-make-injectable-lidocaine-hcl/

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About The Author: RSOP is the co-founder & Executive Editor of Radical Survivalism Webzine, as well as a Family Preparedness Consultant with nearly five years of personal experience in the self-reliance game. RSOP's many preparedness roles within his own group include team mechanic, head of security, electrician, and project designer/engineer.

Preparedness: The MSO Minuteman Protocol

By Rourke | From ModernSurvivalOnline.com | On Monday, Marc h 11th, 2013

msomen

A Minuteman is someone who is prepared – at a moment’s notice – to respond to whatever situation they may be confronted with. It may be a simple power outage. It may be suddenly finding yourself near a mass shooting in a mall. It could be walking into a situation

where your neighbors are getting assaulted by some drug addicts. It may be a breakdown of society and you find yourself and family in a world without rule of law.

Regardless—you need to be ready. You need to be a Minuteman.

Summary: What follows is a suggested “system” or template which one could follow and adapt to their particular needs and circumstances. A variety of minimum equipment/supply levels are listed.

People who read this document will live in many different states, have different economic capabilities, geographical conditions, and have a variety of environmental challenges which to deal with. This means that no single, individual system recommendation will work for all.

MSO Minutemen are made up of men and women from all religions, races, and nationalities. We all want to work, provide for our families, and live our existence on our terms. We believe in what the Founding Fathers of this country created many years ago. We believe in the Constitution.

We also believe that we all have a responsibility to provide and care for our communities and prepare for concerning times ahead. This preparation towards readiness combines food storage, water, defensive equipment, and gear which can be used in case of a power outage or a major supply chain interruption – or worse.

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A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the People to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.

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Being a Minuteman does not mean that you are radical, anti-government, or unpatriotic. As a matter of fact as a Minuteman you should back the US Constitution 100%, and this Republic called the United States of America. You should also support peaceful, democratic methods which to guide and create positive change for America.

This country’s economic welfare, morality, and socioeconomic state are in a free fall towards a destructive demise. I hope what follows provides some guidance and provokes thought on how to be ready….”just in case”.

LEVEL I – Basics

This is not an all-knowing, endless list of all supplies that any Minuteman could ever need. Rather, it is just template which to follow and provide ideas. Customize your own individual system to fit your needs and situation.

SUPPLIES

soupFood – Most any serious emergency will disrupt the normal distribution of food. It is critically important to maintain enough food reserves to make it through until things return to normal. How long will that be? That is the $100,000 dollar question. We recommend for Level I to have at least a one month reserve of food.

A one month food storage supply for one person can be put together with commonly found food from at any grocery store. The saying – “Store what you eat and eat what you store.” holds true. What follows is an example of a One Month Food Supply for one person:

20 cans             soups

15 cans             beef stew

30 cans             vegetables

15 cans             fruit

2 lrg boxes        Pancake mix (add-water-only)

2 bottles            Syrup

2 boxes             saltine crackers/whole wheat crackers

2 jars                peanut butter

15 boxes           pasta/spaghetti

15 jars              spaghetti sauce

15 cans             baked beans

20 cans             meat/Spam

15 bars             candy bars/nutrition bars

This is not a perfect diet by any means; however it does provide plenty of calories and variety for one person for at least 30 days. In addition to the food items – plan on alternative methods for cooking and preparing food should the power go out.

waterWater – There is a commonly used adage that in an emergency the minimum water requirements are one gallon per person per day. This is the minimum depending upon activity and likely is not enough. For the MSO Minuteman, store as much water as you can – with Level I recommending at least 30+ gallons for each person.

What follows is an example of a One Month Water Supply for one person:

12 jugs, gal.      Spring water from local grocery store

3 cases             Bottled drinking water, cases of 24 bottles

3 jugs               7-gallon Blue containers, available at Wal-Mart/Amazon.com

Beyond water storage – the ability to filter water should be prepared for and considered. A common Brita-brand water filter is excellent for filtering out small foreign particles – however they will not work for water that may have pathogens or bacteria. With this in mind – it is recommended that a LifeStraw Water Filtration Straw be stored for each person.

fakitMedicalThe category “Medical” covers both first aid as well as other medical considerations. A good basic First Aid Kit is a requirement, along with some other first aid supplies. Should you have health issues requiring prescriptions or other necessary items – those should be stocked to have at least a one month supply.

Suggested Level I Supply List:

target2Defense – Firearms are a critical part of any Minuteman’s system. In fact – many would argue that it is THE most important part. In a serious SHTF or WROL (Without Rule of Law) event  – law abiding citizens will be preyed upon by criminals and thugs. It is up to the Minuteman to defend themselves, their families, and their neighbors.

ar15

The Minuteman is to be at the ready at all times to respond. With this said – they must be able to grab their firearms, their gear – and react.

Here is the recommended minimal equipment for Level I:

  • Rifle – any long gun that can be shot reliably and accurately
  • Ammunition – minimum 250 rounds of ammunition
  • Carrying System – system to carry ammunition, firearm(s), magazines, etc.
  • Gun Cleaning Kit

Method for carrying defensive supplies:

In order to achieve the “grab-and-go” concept there must be a system in place by which to transport needed defensive equipment efficiently. Whether a Winchester 94 lever-action .30-30 is your rifle of choice or an AR-15 – extra ammunition and other defensive supplies need to be at the ready at all times. Generally – this is achieved through a variety of pouches, packs, bags and vests.

condorvest2

For the Level I Minuteman – develop a system for carrying extra ammunition and magazines that fits your budget and is comfortable to use. Once decided on – practice with that system over and over again.

One possible solution for carry a defense load is the tactical load bearing vest. One inexpensive example is the Condor Modular Chest Rig running under $40.00 at time of publishing.

Another possible “grab-and-go” carry option for defensive gear is the 5.11 Bail Out Bag. Basically, the 5.11 is a shoulder bag with multiple compartments including magazine pockets in the outside for AR magazines.

Bottom Line: A system must be developed so that in about a “minute” your main battle weapon and needed supplies can be grabbed and you can go to where you need to be.

Rourke's rig

Rourke’s rig

SKILLS – Skills are the most underrated and under-discussed aspects of preparedness. To be part of the MSOnline Minutemen System – certain skills are necessary.

Here is the recommended minimal skills for Level I:

  • Basic First Aid Skills – take a basic first aid course or at a minimum self-study reading and watching video’s. Be able to:
    • Treat cuts, scrapes, and abrasions
    • Know the steps to stop bleeding
    • Identify hyperthermia, heat stroke/exhaustion – and how to treat
    • Apply a splint
    • Identify and treat shock
  • Breakdown carried firearms, clean, and reassemble

plansPLANS & INFORMATION – What happens if power is lost through an area and there is no method for communication with loved ones? Does everyone know what to do? This is the premise of this section – making plans “just in case”.

Here are the suggested plans to make for Level I:

  • Power Outage – everyone in the household needs to know what to do if there is a power outage. Don’t open the fridge, know where flashlights are, stay warm in winter time, radio for news, etc.
  • Significant Event/Danger – What will each member of the family do in the event of a significant event such as a terrorist attack? Communications may be down and family and friends may be away from home. Who will get the kids from school? How will everyone get home from work? What if?…….
  • Simple Vehicle Breakdown – car breaks down on the way home from work – then what? What if someone can’t be reached via cell phone? Are there numbers for local tow trucks in the glove box? How about an AAA membership?

Everyone’s potential problems and solutions will be different. Think of what plans and procedures need to be made as part of your Minuteman Protocol System.

MISC GEAR CHECKLIST – here is a basic list of general supplies that should be stored and readily available in case of an emergency.

Recommended Books – here are a few recommended books related to defense and preparedness and would fit well in any Minuteman’s library.

Summary – This completes the template for the ModernSurvivalOnline: The Minuteman Protocol – Level I. This is considered a minimal template for preparedness.

Remember – the Minuteman Protocol is to be at the ready, so in a moments notice you will be ready to defend your family, your loved ones, your property and supplies…..and your country. The MSO Minuteman is honest, has integrity – and is proud to do the right things. The Minuteman holds close those values which built this great country over 200 years ago.

This Level I Template is available for download HERE.  Please feel free to download and share.

– Rourke

Source: http://modernsurvivalonline.com/mso-minuteman-protocol-part-i/

PG
About The Author: RSOP is the co-founder & Executive Editor of Radical Survivalism Webzine, as well as a Family Preparedness Consultant with nearly five years of personal experience in the self-reliance game. RSOP's many preparedness roles within his own group include team mechanic, head of security, electrician, and project designer/engineer.

What You Should Know About Influenza

From WebMD.com

Looking for an effective flu treatment and wondering if antibiotics will work? Antibiotics are medications that fight infections caused by bacteria, the flu is cause by a virus.

Taking antibiotics when you have a virus may do more harm than good. Taking antibiotics when they are not needed increases your risk of getting an infection later that may resist antibiotic treatment.

Why Won’t Antibiotics Cure Cold or Flu?

Antibiotics only cure certain infections due to bacteria — and if taken carelessly, you may get more serious health problems than you bargained for.

With any illness, it is critical to address the underlying cause of the illness, whether it’s bacterial or viral. Antibiotics will not kill cold or flu viruses.

Should I Avoid Antibiotics Altogether?

Not at all. Antibiotics can save people’s lives, and if you need them, you should get them as quickly as you can. Since only your doctor can prescribe antibiotics, this means that you should talk to your doctor if your think you might need them (as opposed to taking your friend’s leftover antibiotics from last winter’s illness).

However, it is the grave over-reliance and inappropriate use of antibiotics that have contributed to the global antibiotic resistance crisis that we face.

A study by the CDC showed that many adults believe that if they are sick enough to see a doctor for a cold, they should get an antibiotic treatment. The study also showed that patients are not aware of the consequences of taking the drugs if they are not needed. But when antibiotics are misused, bacteria can become resistant.

What Are Antivirals?

Antivirals are medications that reduce the ability of flu viruses to multiply. The CDC considers antiviral drugs as a “second line of defense against the flu.”When taken at the onset of flu, these medications help decrease the severity and duration of flu symptoms. They can also be used in cases to help prevent the flu, but they are not a replacement for getting the flu vaccine.

Which Antivirals Does the CDC Recommend?

The CDC recommends oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza). Antiviral drugs for flu are most effective when given within 48 hours of the onset of illness. These flu drugs can decrease the duration of the flu by one to two days if used within this early time period. These antivirals are usually given for a period of five days for the treatment of flu. For prevention of flu, antiviral drugs may be given for 10 days. In some cases, antivirals may be given for longer periods of time.

Tamiflu is approved for prevention and treatment in people 1 year old and older. Relenza is approved for treatment of people 7 years old and older and for prevention in people 5 years old and older.

Are There Side Effects With Antiviral Drugs?

Side effects of antiviral drugs may include nervousness, poor concentration, nausea, and vomiting. Relenza is not recommended for people with a history of breathing problems, such as asthma, because it may cause a worsening of breathing problems. Discuss side effects with your doctor.
What Does Antibiotic Resistance Mean?

According to the CDC, antibiotic resistance happens when bacteria changes in some way to reduce or eliminate the effectiveness of the antibiotic.

When bacteria are exposed to antibiotics repeatedly, such as when you take the medication needlessly or too frequently, the germs in your body change. These changes can make the germs stronger than before so they completely resist the antibiotic. Your illness will linger with no signs of improvement. Or your illness may suddenly take a turn for the worse, requiring you to seek emergency medical care. You may have to be admitted to the hospital and get several different antibiotics administered in your veins. Sadly, those around you may get the resistant bacteria and come down with a similar illness that is very difficult to treat.

But Aren’t Antibiotics Quick Cures for Illnesses?

Unfortunately, demand for a “quick fix” for what ails us has fueled this resistance crisis. Yet more than two-thirds of the 150 million antibiotic prescriptions written each year for patients outside of hospitals are unnecessary, according to a CDC study.

How Can I Protect my Family and Myself From Antibiotic Resistance?

There is a way to protect yourself and others from resistant bacteria, and that is to respect antibiotics and take them only when necessary for a bacterial infection. Here are some useful tips:

  1. When you see your doctor, don’t demand antibiotics. Understand that antibiotics are used for bacterial infections, not symptoms of a cold or flu virus.
  2. If your doctor prescribes antibiotics, use them as prescribed. Take all of the antibiotics as directed and don’t save some for future use.
  3. Don’t share your antibiotics with others.
  4. Don’t take other’s antibiotics.

Preventing the flu in the first place may help you avoid getting sick altogether. Get a flu shot annually. Also, make sure you wash your hands frequently and thoroughly to prevent spreading germs.

This article was originally posted at http://www.webmd.com/cold-and-flu/flu-guide/flu-treatment-antibiotics-or-not

PG
About The Author: RSOP is the co-founder & Executive Editor of Radical Survivalism Webzine, as well as a Family Preparedness Consultant with nearly five years of personal experience in the self-reliance game. RSOP's many preparedness roles within his own group include team mechanic, head of security, electrician, and project designer/engineer.

Potassium Iodide Sales Surge on Heels of Large Government Order

MOORESVILLE, N.C., April 13, 2012 /PRNewswire/ — A recent solicitation by the Defense Logistics Agency for 1,050,000 doses of Iosat Potassium Iodide has created a deluge of orders for emergency radiation products supplier Nukepills.com. Slated for troop support, the 130mg tablets provide protection against radioactive iodine in the event of a nuclear crisis. International concerns about the development of nuclear weaponry in Asia and the Middle East have also helped boost sales of the radiation drug to levels not seen in the past decade, except for last year’s Fukushima nuclear reactor disaster in Japan. “We’ve been in business 13 years and have never seen such continued levels of stockpiling of potassium iodide,” stated Troy Jones, President of Nukepills.com. “Last year during the Japan crisis we sold our normal 6-month supply of stock within 4 days with most of those orders going to U.S. west coast residents. Now we are trying to keep up with this sustained demand because of North Korea and Iran. Our wholesale orders to other websites, nuclear facilities and medical centers are starting to surpass our retail sales.” Many wholesale orders of Iosat are the result of this week’s viral news of the U.S. government’s request for potassium iodide for its medical chain supply.

Nukepills.com also has a new 65mg Iosat Potassium Iodide tablet to add to its growing arsenal of radiation emergency products. The FDA-approved, half-strength tablet was developed as a safe and effective regimen for children. Though the current 130mg tab is scored and can be easily split for administration to children, the new Iosat-65 tab was created for ease of single unit dosing. Iosat-65 is currently restricted to overseas sales. Nukepills.com is actively seeking international distributors for this newly FDA-approved radiation drug.

Stockpiling of potassium iodide is recommended by health officials worldwide to prevent thyroid cancer of those exposed to radioactive iodine in the event of a nuclear reactor accident or detonation of a nuclear bomb. FDA-approved in 1982, Potassium Iodide is available without a prescription. More information about FDA-approved potassium iodide can be found online at http://www.nukepills.com.

Nukepills.com, celebrating its 13th year in business, is an Internet-based supplier and wholesaler of radiation emergency preparedness products that protect against dirty bomb radiation, nuclear reactor accidents and nuclear weapon fallout, and are used for radiation therapy/decontamination in hospitals. In early 2009, Nukepills.com sold 5.4 million doses of FDA-approved ThyroShield™ Liquid Potassium Iodide to Kuwait’s Ministry of Health and expects Government Emergency Preparedness grants and civilian orders to continue to drive sales of all its products well into 2012.

Contact: Troy Jones, President, Nukepills.com
Ph: 866-283-3986
info@nukepills.com
631 Brawley School Rd. STE 407
Mooresville, NC 28117
http://www.nukepills.com
Twitter: http://twitter.com/nukepills

PG
About The Author: RSOP is the co-founder & Executive Editor of Radical Survivalism Webzine, as well as a Family Preparedness Consultant with nearly five years of personal experience in the self-reliance game. RSOP's many preparedness roles within his own group include team mechanic, head of security, electrician, and project designer/engineer.

Human Superbug Started On Farms

By Julia Whitty | From http://motherjones.com | On Wednesday, February 22nd, 2012

It’s long been suspected that administering large amounts of antibiotics to livestock promotes antibiotic resistance.

Now a new paper in mBio describes how a particularly nasty strain of MRSA—the CC398 strain found primarily in pigs but also in cattle and poultry—likely did that.

Sequencing the genomes of 88 closely-related strains of S. aureus, the researchers found the CC398 strain likely originated as a harmless bacterium living in humans, which acquired antibiotic resistance only after it migrated into livestock. From there it migrated back to humans, where it now causes skin infections and sepsis, mostly in farm workers.

So far the strain has not evolved the ability to transmit between humans.

Modern food animal production is characterized by densely concentrated animals and routine antibiotic use, which may facilitate the emergence of novel antibiotic-resistant zoonotic pathogens. Our findings strongly support the idea that livestock-associated MRSA CC398 originated as MSSA in humans. The jump of CC398 from humans to livestock was accompanied by the loss of phage-carried human virulence genes, which likely attenuated its zoonotic potential, but it was also accompanied by the acquisition of tetracycline and methicillin resistance. Our findings exemplify a bidirectional zoonotic exchange and underscore the potential public health risks of widespread antibiotic use in food animal production.

Last month the FDA announced new restrictions on antibiotics in livestock. But New Scientists reports these rules cover only 0.2 percent of antibiotics used on farms in the US.

This article was originally posted at http://motherjones.com/blue-marble/2012/02/superbug-bred-farms.

PG
About The Author: RSOP is the co-founder & Executive Editor of Radical Survivalism Webzine, as well as a Family Preparedness Consultant with nearly five years of personal experience in the self-reliance game. RSOP's many preparedness roles within his own group include team mechanic, head of security, electrician, and project designer/engineer.

Drug Resistant TB Case Confirmed in Indiana

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

On January 13, 2012, The Journal Gazette of Fort Wayne, Indiana reported one confirmed case of drug resistant Tuberculosis in Allen County. A student of Anthis Career Center had been diagnosed as having active TB in December, 2011. As a result, 150 students in Fort Wayne Community Schools have been tested as a precaution. Another round of skin patch testing will be performed after eight weeks to confirm no additional cases.

From the Centers for Disease Control website:

TB is spread through the air from one person to another. The TB bacteria are put into the air when a person with active TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected.

TB is NOT spread by

  • shaking someone’s hand
  • sharing food or drink
  • touching bed linens or toilet seats
  • sharing toothbrushes
  • kissing

You can be exposed to tuberculosis and not develop symptoms. This is because your body is able to fight the bacteria and keep it from growing. A positive skin test may reveal “Latent TB Infection.” These individuals are not contagious. TB symptoms may develop later in life when the immune system is compromised. TB can make you sick and death may occur if left untreated.

From a preparedness standpoint, your best defense to the disease is to keep your immune system functioning normally. If you are not exercising, then find a plan and stick with it. Challenge yourself to eat a healthier diet. If you smoke, commit to quitting. Some people herald the use of supplements such as regular use Vitamin C and taking zinc at the beginnings of a cold. Getting adequate bed rest and drinking plenty of fluids daily is also prudent. These are simple changes to your daily regimen that may save your life. At the very least, you will feel better (and consequently, more prepared to face any scenario) and have the benefit of potentially adding years to your life.

Don’t forget to have on hand a supply of N95 or P100 masks. These are available in a variety of sizes and from multiple sellers on the internet as well as Amazon

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About The Author: MOTH (Mother Of The House) is the Co-founder and Editor-In-Chief of Radical Survivalism Webzine.

It’s Glovely

In our home, we use powder-free latex gloves for a variety of projects. Several examples would be wood staining, mixing epoxy glue, and car maintenance. Wearing latex gloves during these activities protects the hands from chemical exposure as well as contributing to keeping the hands clean.

Gloves are an often overlooked preparedness item. During an emergency situation, you, your family, or your community may find it necessary to limit or ration water consumption.  There is also a possibility that water supply lines could be damaged or fresh water may be unavailable, such as from lack of electricity. This would make your normal hand washing routine much more difficult.

To protect yourself and your loved ones from illness, gloves are a necessary precaution. Having gloves on hand will assist in cleanliness and limit the spread of bacteria or germs. In an emergency situation, lack of or access to services may mean the possibility that something as simple as a scratch could become very serious, even resulting in death.

Gloves should always be worn when caring for the sick or the injured. Bacteria or food borne illness may enter the body through miniscule cuts, scrapes, or breaks in the skin. Gloves should also be changed as necessary when soiled. When dealing with multiple cases of illness or injury, gloves worn for caring for one person should be discarded before going on to the next individual. This may help to prevent the spread of disease from one individual to another.

There are several types and sizes of gloves available, such as non-powdered latex, and powdered latex (for ease of putting on.) There are also non latex varieties for those with latex sensitivity such as neoprene, nitrile rubber, and vinyl. Sterile medical gloves are used for medical procedures and are available in a variety of sizes as well as chemical compositions, just as is their non sterile counterparts.

Gloves come in dispenser cardboard containers as well as individual use packets. Exam as well as non sterile gloves may also have the potential use for being a barter type of item in a disaster scenario. This is an added benefit to storing some types of gloves as they could be considered as a form of currency as well as being used to protect the health and well being of you and others.

Gloves are inexpensive, convenient, and easy to store. The use of gloves or alcohol hand sanitizer should never be used as a substitute for good hand washing technique.  However, in an emergency, having a stock of gloves available may be what protects you and your family from a potentially life threatening disease.

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About The Author: MOTH (Mother Of The House) is the Co-founder and Editor-In-Chief of Radical Survivalism Webzine.

Video: Top 5 Antibiotics for SHTF Storage

In this video, ThePatriotNurse discusses 5 useful antibiotics for humans in a post-societal collapse scenario. This is a very informative video chock-full of must-know information including how to acquire and store antibiotics.

PG
About The Author: RSOP is the co-founder & Executive Editor of Radical Survivalism Webzine, as well as a Family Preparedness Consultant with nearly five years of personal experience in the self-reliance game. RSOP's many preparedness roles within his own group include team mechanic, head of security, electrician, and project designer/engineer.